Grant Associates工作室访问实录  


 

采访嘉宾:

新加坡Grant Associates工作室高级助理Mike Wood迈克·伍德先生()

新加坡Grant Associates工作室资深景观设计师Gabriel Caballero加夫列尔·卡巴列罗先生()

采访人:《国际新景观》、设计传媒网

采访时间:201661

                                                                                               
滨海湾花园

 

1.国际新景观:您好,能有机会跟您当面对谈,我们感到非常荣幸。Grant Associates工作室所秉持的理念是什么?

迈克·伍德:在我们所有的作品中,都有一个共同的主题,就是尝试在自然和科技领域中间寻找一种联系和平衡。我们的理念基本以创造特色景观为基础,而这些特色景观也通过材料和技术的运用,坚定地融入了21世纪。设计过程采用基础的手绘作图,通过建立模型、PS图像、3D动画设计和实物模型对项目加以改善,这些都与新时代相呼应。在一个层面上,这是一个关于如何赋予想法形式和存在的简单的描述,但在另一方面,对于适合21世纪造景的随意和抽象的想法如何遵循一个共同的模式,它给予了我们启发;出于本能和直觉的想法成形了并且通过技术流程实现了。

 

2.国际新景观:对于滨海湾花园,能跟我们分享下您的设计创意是什么,包括创新的设计规划和前景?

加夫列尔·卡巴列罗:滨海湾花园项目的建造是新加坡将中心商业区向滨海湾扩展的长期规划的一部分。这个花园群很像纽约的中央公园,将会成为扩展开来的金融和住宅区的生活中心。总的来说,它包含三个地块,最终将会带来101公顷的滨水开放空间。滨海湾南花园是三个地块中最大的,占地54公顷,并且被建造成为了首个户外休闲空间和主要的全球性的旅游胜地。该项目将现代热带公园的休闲娱乐元素与植物园的园艺重点结合在一起,并且开始探索植物种类和人们之间在文化和生态上的联系并以各种不同的方式来展示。

Grant Associates工作室于2006年开始着手滨海湾花园这个项目,当时举办了一个国际性的比赛来为这三个花园竞选设计团队,我们被选上设计三个场地中最大的一个——滨海湾南花园。

我们总体规划的方案就是混合自然、技术、环境管理以及想象去打造一个21世纪的焦点,达到热带园艺和独特的目的地体验的效果。公司一直主张把人和自然世界联系在一起,在这种思想的支持下,这份愿景得到了巩固,通过它创造的奇迹激发了我们的想象。滨海湾南花园整体的设计构思是从新加坡的国花——淡紫色的万代兰“卓锦女士”的形状上汲取的灵感。

 


伍斯特蜂巢图书馆景观

 

3.国际新景观:滨海湾花园是一个非常杰出的项目,您能跟我们分享一下在设计这个项目的过程中的一些想法和经历,特别是与客户之间的合作以及景观设计吗?

加夫列尔·卡巴列罗:与新加坡政府特别是由Tan We Kiat博士带领的国家公园局之间的合作,是一次很好的学习经历。他和他的团队,其中包括公园管理者、规划师、工程师、生态学家和园艺家,都经验丰富,为这个项目做出了不可磨灭的贡献,才使这个项目得以像今天这般成功。他们广泛的遍及全世界植物的知识以及对在新加坡提供质量好的绿地的卓越理解使得滨海湾花园成为一个颇受欢迎的当地乃至全球的旅游胜地。

滨海湾花园是一个梦工程。我们公司的设计构思加上一个有远见卓识的客户和一个来自新加坡和英国的顾问团队才得以完整。我们和Wilkinson Eyre建筑事务所、Atelier One 以及 Atelier Ten之间的合作也使得项目在景观设计与建筑和环境设计之间衔接得天衣无缝,也得益于当地景观对建造绿色植生墙的积极投入和可持续发展的排水系统,使其更加完善。所有的这些精彩的元素汇聚一起成就了新加坡景观建筑中这闪亮的一角。我们非常荣幸能与一个这样了不起的团队合作。

 

4.国际新景观:您认为新加坡滨海湾花园将为周边地区以及社会、城市环境、经济等带来怎样的影响?

加夫列尔·卡巴列罗:滨海湾花园是新加坡政府策略的一部分,将新加坡从热带花园城市转变为一个花园中的城市。其目的旨加强城市绿地网络和质量,从而提升生活质量。重要的是,政府致力于发展周边环境绿化建设,而并非其他途径。此种方式为广大市民和企业主提供了多种福利。首先,滨海湾花园增加了休闲娱乐场所的绿地面积,提高了滨海湾的生物多样性。同时延伸了穿梭于中央商务区摩天大楼之间的公共开放空间。其次,滨海湾花园的建设带来了经济效益。它不仅带动了旅游业的发展,为市民带来可观的收入,还促进了滨海湾花园周边地块的房地产价值的上涨。最后,建筑行业也通过滨海湾花园的建设让实验技术的应用在新加坡得到测试,改善该国可持续建筑实践的质量。

滨海湾花园是一个变革性项目,除了在新加坡,也为其他许多地方的景观设计带来了灵感。我们接收到了不同政府和私营开发商的咨询,他们在拜访了滨海湾后受到启发,希望将新加坡的滨海湾花园设计应用到他们自己的城市。

 


新加坡首都综合项目

 

5.国际新景观:你们也参与了许多国家不同项目的景观规划与设计,有着丰富的国际项目经验,与其他国家相比,您怎样看待中国的景观行业?另外您在中国有什么计划项目?

迈克·伍德:我们的国际业务能让我们获得各种各样的经验。每个国家显然有其特定的进程和挑战。然而从战略层面上来说,很有趣的是,作为一个景观设计师,对城市规划设计问题的创新反应与随后面临总体概念的挑战,通常是非常相似的。基于我们在中国当前的工作,令人安心的是,我们体会到与其他国际项目的一些基本相似之处,特别是对优秀设计理念的一致欣赏与共鸣。目前,我们在中国有机会参与几个潜在的项目,包括正在建设中的深圳新南山中央公园,

 

6.国际新景观:Grant Associates设计事务所如何规划未来的发展,尤其是团队建设?

迈克·伍德:在过去几年中,由于我们在东南亚和亚太地区的项目和业务的扩张,我们的新加坡团队已大幅增长。我们非常荣幸有机会参与许多激动人心的项目,希望这些从业经验能帮助我们继续发展团队,并对新兴的景观设计行业里日益增长的本地人才给予支持和机遇。

 


滨海湾花园空中步道

 

7.国际新景观:随着城市化进程的逐步发展,景观设计师的角色发挥着越来越重要的角色,景观设计对人们生活的影响越来越重要,您如何看待此转变?

迈克·伍德/ 加夫列尔·卡巴列罗:当然,这是该行业讨论最多的话题。景观设计正在急速发展中。现在,我们必须以更加敏锐的视角制作设计方案,更加了解项目解决特别场所的特定问题,如何做出更有意义的贡献。由于我们城市环境持续增长的压力需要个性化的解决方案,此敏感度适用于所有范围并体现在每一个项目挑战中。在Grant Associates工作室中,我们的设计理念总是涉及人与自然的紧密联系,能创造有意义的设计方案,应对这些项目挑战。我们也相信,在不断变化的城市环境中,最好的应对方法是与各个不同设计领域的专家高度合作,包括生态学家、工程师、和艺术家。滨海湾花园就是一个很好的例子,在此种类型的进程中,我们尽量在所有项目中应用标准方案。

 


Gardens by the Bay

   

1.   INL: Hello, it’s our honor to have this opportunity to talk with you and interview you. What is the philosophy of Grant Associates?

Mike Wood: In all our work, there is a common theme of trying to find a connection and balance between the natural and technological worlds. Our ideas are typically based around the creation of distinctive landscapes that are hard wired into the 21st century through their use of materials and technologies. The design process echoes this by taking basic sketches and refining them through models, Photoshop images, 3D studies and prototypes. At one level, this is simply a description of how an idea is given form and presence but at another, it is suggestive of how our random and abstract thoughts about making landscapes fit for the 21st century conform to a common pattern; ideas from instinct and intuition shaped and made real by technological processes.  

 

2. INL: What’s your design intention for Gardens by the Bay,including creative design plan and prospect?

Gabriel Caballero: The creation of Gardens by the Bay was part of the long-term plan of Singapore to expand the central business district to Marina Bay. Much like Central Park in New York City, the gardens will become the center of life of the expanded financial and residential district. Overall, it comprises three plots that will eventually deliver 101 hectares of waterfront open space. Bay South is the largest of these plots at 54 hectares in size, and was created to become the premier outdoor recreation space, as well as a major global attraction. The project combines the recreational components of a contemporary tropical park with the horticultural focus of a Botanic Garden and it sets out to explore the cultural and ecological links between plant species and people and to display these in a variety of ways.

Grant Associates involvement with Gardens by the Bay began in 2006, when an international competition was held to select the teams to design the three gardens. We were selected to design Bay South, the largest of the three sites.

Our approach to the masterplan was to blend nature, technology, environmental management and imagination to create a 21st century focus for tropical horticulture and a unique destination experience. This vision was underpinned by our company’s ethos of connecting people to the natural world, inspiring our imaginations through its wonder. The overall design concept for Bay South drew its inspiration from the shape of the orchid Vanda 'Miss Joaquim', Singapore’s national flower.

 

3. INL:  Gardens by the Bay is a magnificent project. Could you please share us some ideas and experiences working on this project, the collaborations with the client and landscape design in particular—— Gabriel Caballero

Gabriel Caballero: Working with the government of Singapore particularly the National Parks Board, led by Dr. Tan We Kiat, was a good learning experience. He and his experienced team of park managers, planners, engineers, ecologists, and horticulturists provided their valuable contributions, which helped to make the project as successful as it is now. Their extensive knowledge of plants all over the world, and their great understanding of providing good quality green spaces in Singapore have made Gardens by the Bay both a popular local and international attraction. 

Gardens by the Bay is a dream project. Our company’s design concept was complemented by a visionary client and a very capable team of consultants coming from Singapore and the UK. Our partnership with Wilkinson Eyre, Atelier One and Atelier Tenhas given the project a seamless relationship between landscape architecture, architecture and environmental design. This is complemented by local landscape initiatives on green wall and sustainable drainage systems.  All these elements have culminated into an excellent piece of landscape architecture for Singapore. We are privileged to have worked with an amazing team of people.

 


Capitol Singapore

 

4. INL: What effect do you think Gardens by the Bay, Singapore will bring to the neighborhood even to the society, city’s environment, economyand so on?

Gabriel Caballero: Gardens by the Bay is part of a strategy by the Singapore government to transform Singapore from a tropical garden city to a ‘City in a Garden’. The aim is to raise the quality of life by enhancing the network and quality of the city’s green spaces.  Importantly, the government is committed to developing the built environment around greenery, rather than the other way around. By doing so, several benefits are provided to the general public and business owners. First is that Gardens by the Bay increases the green spaces for recreation and it improves the biodiversity of Marina Bay.This improves the public realm amidst all the skyscrapers of the central business district. Secondly it provides economic benefits. Not just through tourism revenues but it also enhances the property values of the plots surrounding the garden. Lastly, the construction industry also benefits withthe application of experimental technology tested out in Singapore, improving the quality of sustainable building practices in the country. 

Aside from Singapore, Gardens by the Bay is a transformative project that serves as an inspiration to many other places. We have received many queries from different governments and private developers who have been inspired by their visit to the garden and would like to emulate Singapore’s aspirations within their own cities.

 

5. INL: You are also involved in different projects in many countries; compared with other countries, what do you think the Landscape profession in China, and what are your plans working on the projects in China?

Mike Wood: Our International presence has enabled us to obtain a wide variety of experiences. Each country clearly has its own particular process and challenges. However at a strategic level, it is quite interesting to note that as a Landscape Architect, the need for creative responses to urban design problems and the subsequent challenge to generate overarching concepts are often very similar. Based on our current work in China, it has been reassuring to experience some fundamental similarities to our other international work – in particular, a consistent appreciation of the sound principles of good design. We are currently involved in several potential opportunities in China, this includes the New Nanshan Central Park in Shenzhen which is currently under construction.

 

6. INL: What does the future hold for Grant Associates, Singapore, especially about your team building

Mike Wood: Our team in Singapore has grown substantially over the last couple of years in line with our growing portfolio and presence in South East Asia and the Asia Pacific region. We are incredibly fortunate to be involved with a number of very exciting projects and opportunities. We hope that these enable us to continue to develop our team and to support the growing local talent of emerging Landscape Architects.

 


The Hive Worcester Library Landscape

 

7. INL: With the development of urbanization, landscape architect plays an important role in the industry, and landscape architecture is becoming more crucial in our daily life, so what do you think about this change?

Mike Wood/ Gabriel Caballero: This is of course the single most discussed topic of the profession. Landscape Architecture is evolving rapidly. We must now be much more sensitive in our approaches and more knowledgeable about how our projects make more of a meaningful contribution to particular site specific problems. This sensitivity should be applied to all ranges of scales, and each challenge that presents itself due to increasing pressure of our urban environments requires individual solutions. At Grant Associates, our approach always involves a strong connection of people and nature which enables us to create meaningful responses to these challenges. We also believe that in our changing urban environment, the best responses emerge from a highly collaborative approach with a number of specialists from different design disciplines including ecologists, engineers, and artists. Gardens by the Bay is a good example of this type of process, which we try to apply as a standard approach for all of our projects.

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